XML Schema Part 0: Primer:

The enumeration facet limits a simple type to a set of distinct values. For example, we can use the enumeration facet to define a new simple type called USState, derived from string, whose value must be one of the standard US state abbreviations:

<xsd:simpleType name="USState">
  <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string">
    <xsd:enumeration value="AK"/>
    <xsd:enumeration value="AL"/>
    <xsd:enumeration value="AR"/>
    <!-- and so on ... -->


scalaxb-appengine is a RESTful API to run scalaxb over the web. It's implemented using n8han/Unfiltered and the full source is available on eed3si9n/scalaxb.


scala, zip
HTTP method:
HTTP encoding:
- arg: Optional, multiple allowed. URL of the schema file.
- argf: Optional, multiple allowed. Uploaded schema file.
- defaultPackageName: Optional. Name of the target package.
- namespaceURI: Optional, multiple allowed. URI of namespace to be packaged.
- packageName: Optional, multiple allowed. Name of the target package for the namespaceURI.
- classPrefix: Optional. Prefixes generated class names.
- paramPrefix: Optional. Prefixes generated parameter names.
- wrapContents: Optional, multiple allowed. Wraps inner contents into a seperate case class.
- At least one arg or argf must be present.
- The n-th packageName specifies the target package for the n-th namespaceURI.

scalaxb 0.2.0

  • Implements support for <group>, <attributeGroup>, and <all>.
  • Fixed round trip of complex types containing sequences.
  • Generates toXML into the companion objects to simplify the case class.

For example,

<xs:complexType name="Address">
    <xs:element name="name"   type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:element name="street" type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:element name="city"   type="xs:string"/>

turns to

case class Address(name: String,

<group> and <attributeGroup>

From XML Schema Part 1:

The XML representation for a model group definition schema component is a <group> element information item. It provides for naming a model group for use by reference in the XML representation of complex type definitions and model groups.

The <group> construct allows the schema designers to reuse part of the content model without resorting to type derivation. This comes in handy when dealing with complicated schema. Suppose we have a group named head.misc and an element named head.

scalaxb 0.1.0

The following code is an example of a generated parser:

object Address extends rt.ElemNameParser[Address] {
  val targetNamespace = "http://www.example.com/IPO"

  def parser(node: scala.xml.Node): Parser[Address] =
    (rt.ElemName(targetNamespace, "name")) ~ 
      (rt.ElemName(targetNamespace, "street")) ~ 


In XML, one can omit an element to express lack of value or use an empty element.

Sometimes it is desirable to represent an unshipped item, unknown information, or inapplicable information explicitly with an element, rather than by an absent element.

The trouble with using an empty element <foo></foo> is that the emptiness would no longer matches the specified type like xs:positiveInteger. It is possible to form a xs:union of xs:positiveInteger and an xs:enumeration with only empty string in it to allow either poistive integers or empty string. However, technically speaking, an empty string is different from pure emptiness. In terms of code, it's the difference between null and "", or in Scala, None and Some("").

XML Schema resolves this issue by introducing a special attribute called xsi:nil. By writing

<price xsi:nil="true" />

parsing with parser combinators

I've known the limitation of hand parsing for a while. Parsing that relies on token positions quickly gets out of hand when there are more complex grammars like repetitions, options, and choices of sequences. At some point, I decided to use scala's parser combinators to do the parsing of content types, but it's been a long way to implement it.

First let's look at a real-life example of such complex structure:

<complexType name="SubjectType">
                <element ref="saml:BaseID"/>

mixed content

Added support for mixed contents. in which text nodes are placed in conjunction with subelements within an element. Similar to the way I handled <any>, text nodes are placed in DataRecord[String] object along with other DataRecord objects under a member value called mixed.

Suppose we have a schema that looks like this:

<element name="Element3">
  <complexType mixed="true">
    <choice maxOccurs="unbounded">
      <element ref="ipo:Choice1"/>
      <element ref="ipo:Choice2"/>

<any> and <anyAttribute>

Last time I wrote:

Next goal is to handle <any> without ignoring it completely using this generic container. I can probably store the scala.xml.Elem object "as is" in a collection. The user of round trip probably would expect that I don't lose luggage during the flight.

That's pretty much what I did for two usages of <any> handled by scalaxb. First pattern is that it could appear as part of the sequence.

<element name="Choice1">
      <any namespace="##any" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>

round trip

I started implementation of round trip: xml document -> scala object -> back to xml document. Currently done with elements and attributes tracked in the case class. Suppose you have the following document:

val subject = <shipTo xmlns="http://www.example.com/IPO"
  <street>1537 Paper Street</street>
Syndicate content